Despite significant reductions in CO2 emissions in the early years and a 5% decrease in 2009 (partly due to the economic recession), none of the three associations reached the target of 140 g/km by 2008/2009, as shown in the figures printed in bold in Table 2. In 2009, voluntary agreements were replaced by binding CO2 emission rules for new light commercial vehicles. In order to control greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector, the European Commission signed voluntary agreements with the automotive industry in 1998-1999 to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Since the adoption in 2008-2009 of rules for the control of CO2 emissions from new light commercial vehicles, the voluntary agreements described in this article are no longer binding and have only historical significance. The agreement sets targets for average CO2 emissions for new cars sold in the European Union, which must be achieved jointly by the association`s members. CO2 is the only gas covered by the agreements and other greenhouse gas emissions are currently not controlled (see carbon dioxide equivalent). The way to achieve this objective is not specified and the Commission should focus on technological developments and market changes related to these developments. The agreement signed in 1998 aimed to achieve an average of 140 g/km of CO2 by 2008 for new passenger cars sold by the association`s vehicles in Europe. This target corresponds to a 25% reduction from the level of 186 g/km in 1995 and corresponds to a fuel consumption of 5.8 l/100 km and 5.25 l/100 km for petrol and diesel engines. .